Soil- the dark-brown substance that provides us with food, sequesters carbon out of the atmosphere and prevents the erosion of our land. As the thin, fragile skin that covers earth, soil is teeming with life! Surprisingly, “a single teaspoon (1 gram) of rich garden soil can hold up to one billion bacteria, several yards of fungal filaments, several thousand protozoa, and scores of nematodes” according to Kathy Merrifield, a retired nematologist at Oregon State University.
Unfortunately, due to destructive agriculture, we have lost a third of the world’s farmable soil in just the past 40 years. Now, scientists predict that we only have 60 years worth of farmable soil left. Overusing farm land, and the over-use of harmful pesticides kill billions of microorganisms that live in our soil. “These organisms are primary decomposers of organic matter, but they do other things, such as provide nitrogen through fixation to help growing plants, detoxify harmful chemicals (toxins), suppress disease organisms, and produce products that might stimulate plant growth.”
Techniques such as composting, and land-efficient farming are all ways in which humans can restore the health of soil microorganisms. Specifically, composting stabilizes soil carbon and increases the soils nitrogen levels (naturally replacing the job of fertilizers). Check out our YouTube video, ‘How to Make a Compost’ to begin the composting process today! This will not only increase the production of vegetation in your garden but it will contribute to an additional step towards renewing global soil health. Finally, we encourage you all to watch a documentary called, ‘The Need to GROW’. This documentary details both the problem and solution to achieving global soil health.